THE PILGRIM SOCIETY & ENGLISH-SPEAKING UNION
The following report was received from Eric Samuelson in response to
our inquiry as to whether the Pilgrim Society of the United States and
the English-Speaking Union were formed by Cecil Rhodes' Milner Round Table
Group as part of its purpose to federate the English-speaking peoples and
to bring all habitable portions of the world under control of a British
and American Commonwealth. Another report by Mr. Samuelson is a profile
of George Louis Beer, American
correspondent for The Round Table from 1915-18, who was also one of the
originators of the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London and
its American branch, The Council on Foreign Relations.
WHAT ABOUT THOSE PILGRIMS?
Courtesy of Timothy Aho, the remarks of Hon. J. Thorlkelson, U.S. Congressman from Montana, follow (a speech to the U.S. House of Representatives on August 20, 1940):
Mr. THORKELSON. Mr. Speaker, under leave to extend my own remarks in the RECORD, I include a pamphlet by John J. Whiteford. This pamphlet should be of interest to every Member of Congress because it deals with a subject that will soon confront us, as it did in 1917:
In the past it has been largely responsible for drawing this country into the World War at a cost of thousands of our young men and billions of dollars and a long period of depression. It does not work openly and it is not generally recognized by the public. It does not yell from soap boxes in Union Square, call strikes, picket or hold parades. It operates from the top down and so it reaches into every juncture of American life. It is the far reaching power of British propaganda to make this country subservient to Great Britain and the British Empire.
The scene is a banquet held at the Hotel Plaza, New York City, October 25, 1939. This banquet was given by the Pilgrim Society of America in honor of the Marquess of Lothian, British Ambassador of the United States. It is an old custom of the American Pilgrims to extend this honor to every newly-appointed British Ambassador, the same as the British Pilgrims invite every new American Ambassador to their midst at a banquet in London.
There are several curious things about these Pilgrim functions. In the first place there is present at these dinners an array of notables, such as it would be difficult to bring together under one roof for any other purpose and by any other society. The Lothian dinner was no exception. Presiding over this affair was Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia University, and chairman of the American Pilgrim Society. Among the guests were John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan, Thomas W. Lamont and other members of the House of Morgan. Frank L. Polk, Jeremiah Milbank, James W. Gerard (former American ambassador to Germany), the French Ambassador to the United States, Lt. Gen. Hugh A. Drum, U.S.A. Maj. Gen. John O. Harbord (chairman of the Radio Corporation of America), the Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau, and many other leading figures in government, diplomacy, politics, finance, banking, shipping, law, industry, insurance and education. These men had come especially to honor Lord Lothian and to hear him speak. Before this important audience Lord Lothian's speech could not merely be a light after-dinner talk of clever stories and witticisms. It was as important as front-page news.
* * * * * *
A few prominent Pilgrim members, past and present, are listed below: J.P. Morgan, Russell Leffingwell, Henry P. Davison, John W. Davis, John D. Rockefeller, Harry Rockefeller, Ogden Mills Reid, Henry Morgenthau, Otto Kahn, Robert Fulton Cutting, James B. Clews, John B. Trevor, William Fellowes Morgan, Henry W. Taft, Adolph Ochs, James Speyer, Charles H. Rabin, Sir Ashley Sparks, George F. Trewbridge, Phillip Rhinelander, Andrew W. Mellon, Albert H. Wiggin. J. W. Hill, John F. O'Ryan, Frank L. Polk, George R. ??, Julius Ochs Adler, Alfred I. Aiken, Herbert I. Aldrich, John Whitney, W.B. Whitney, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Vincent Astor, Julius S. Bache, Robert Lew Boron, Ancell H. Bail, David H. Biddle, Robert W. Bigelow, Irving T. Bush, Newcomb Carleton, Joseph H....
In the nature of their exclusive membership and... the Pilgrims may be termed the wholesale agency for promoting the interests of Britain in this country. It is strictly a Tory organization. The retail outlet is the more widely known English-Speaking Union, which has for its avowed purpose:
"To draw together in the bond of comradeship the English-Speaking people of the United States and of the British Empire by the disseminating knowledge of each in the other and by reverence for their common institutions."
It is interesting to note that the English-Speaking Union originated in London in the fateful year of 1917 when America bared her strong arm in defense of democracy. Like the Pilgrims, the English-Speaking Union has a British organization with headquarters in London and an American branch with central offices in New York. The purposes of the two organizations are virtually the same and there is an interlocking directorate and membership.
The patron of the English-Speaking Union (London) is His Majesty the King. The honorary president of the American English-Speaking Union is the prominent Pilgrim, John W. Davis, successor to the late Walter Hines Page as America's wartime Ambassador to the Court of St. James, Presidential Candidate in 1924, and member of J.P. Morgan & Co. As treasurer of the American English-Speaking Union is listed Harry P. Davison, also a Morgan partner whose father was instrumental in having J.P. Morgan & Co. appointed exclusive purchasing agents for the British Government in America during the World War....
COMMENTS ON THE CONGRESSMAN'S SPEECH
Congressman Thorlkelson's speech was based on Sir Uncle Sam, Knight of the British Empire! by John J. Whiteford (1940). This book was described: "The history of a little known society promoting the aims of world government (covert British Empire) and how they pushed us into World War II in an effort to bring us back under the control of the Crown! A look at the leadership of the infamous Pilgrim Society which included the Rockefeller, Cecil Rhodes, Andrew Carnegie, and many, many more of our elitists!"
Antony C. Sutton wrote: "The Order does not show up directly on the Executive Committee of the Pilgrim Society, but only through family names, i.e., Aldrich and Pratt. The Pilgrim Society is probably a rather harmless social club using its annual dinners to cement ties between the British and American establishment."(1) Sutton also negatively contrasted Hegelianism with British empiricism: "It is as different from the British empirical school of John Stuart Mill as night and day."(2)
Pilgrim Hall, built in 1824, is America's first and oldest public museum in continuous operation. Owned and operated by the Pilgrim Society, Pilgrim Hall preserves the largest collection in the world of Pilgrim artifacts from over 350 years ago. The Pilgrim Society is said not to be "a lineage organization."
Sir Harry Brittain's Pilgrim Partners: Forty Years of British-American Fellowship (1942) was once described by a bookseller (who was asking $85): "House publication of the mysterious, super-elite Pilgrim Society, the interface of the American and British Anglophile elites...very, very rare. The author's letters were: KBE, CMG, DL, LLD.
Aside from those listed by Thorlkelson, two other Pilgrims can be identified:
Illuminati prince Professor George Edward Gordon Catlin, a Pilgrim Society member, who was on the British Fabian executive committee.(3)
Arthur Hobson Dean (BB/CFR). Vietnam War hawk. Member of Committee for An Effective and Durable Peace in Asia. Committee Chairman, CFR. CFR Director (1955-1972). Wall Street Lawyer. New York Social Register. Century Club. Pacific Union Club. Links. Attended 1957 BB meeting. John Dulles Law Partner. Sullivan & Cromwell. Member, Foreign Policy Association and Pilgrim Society. Director, UN Association and Lazard Funds, Inc. Special Ambassador to Korea (1953-1954). Chairman, U.S. Delegation on Nuclear Arms Testing, Geneva, Switzerland (1962). Trustee, Carnegie Foundation.
THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING UNION
Dr. William Allen Nielson, President of Smith College, addressed the English Speaking Union at a dinner (date not stated) at the Hotel Astor in New York City. He deplored that fact that there were still men and women in America whose patriotism could not be purchased with English gold.(4)
The English-Speaking Union's "Books-Across-the-Sea" Program was detailed on September 26, 1997: The 50th anniversary of the English-Speaking Union's "Books-Across-the-Sea" program, originally chaired by T.S. Eliot and now chaired by George Plimpton, will be celebrated in New York and London in a landmark symposium, "A Life Illumined: The Art of Biography" via live satellite on Thursday, October 16. The event will be held in the McGraw-Hill Building...Dr. Arthur M. Schlesinger, the distinguished historian and biographer, will moderate in New York with three prize-winning American biographers. The three British biographers will be speaking from London...American panelists will be Robert A. Caro, the Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer of Robert Moses and Lyndon Johnson; David Levering Lewis, an American historian best known for his biographies of Martin Luther King, Jr. and W.E. B. DuBois; and Carl Rollyson, a professor whose biographies focus on women with theatrical personalities and legendary lives, such as Marilyn Monroe and Lillian Hellman. British panelists will be Lady Antonia Fraser, Michael Holroyd and Philip Ziegler. Segments of the symposium will be included in a future issue of The Paris Review. The "Books-Across-the- Sea" program is currently chaired by George Plimpton and includes a distinguished group of writers, publishers, and scholars, including Brendan Gill, staff writer for The New Yorker; Vartan Gregorian, President of The Carnegie Corporation of New York; Thomas H. Guinzburg, former President of Viking Press; Drue Heinz, Publisher, The Paris Review; Barbara Hoffert, Book Review Editor of Library Journal; Richard Howard, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet; Jeanne McCulloch, Editor-at-Large of The Paris Review; Alan Pryce-Jones, former editor of The Times Literary Supplement (London); John T. Sargent, former CEO of Doubleday & Co.; writer and historian Arthur M. Schlesinger; novelist Mona Simpson and William Wadsworth, Executive Director of the Academy of American Poets.
Books-Across-the-Sea originated during World War II when a group of Americans in war torn England recognized that American books had been lost in the chaos of war. At their request, a group of book-minded Americans rushed 70 American books to the U.K. In exchange, 70 books were shipped from London to the U.S.; as the Anglo-American alliance grew closer, Books- Across-the-Sea became a well organized agency. Officially incorporated as a national program office English-Speaking Union in 1947, under the chairmanship of T.S. Eliot, it has expanded to include exchanges with other English-speaking countries. Today, the Books-Across-the-Sea program selects the annual Ambassador Book Awards, presented to those books which have made an exceptional contribution to the interpretation of the life and culture in the United States; conducts a series of book and author lunches in New York; sponsors the Authors on Tour Program for the E-SW's 81 branches around the country; administers the Ruth M. Shellens Memorial Library at the ESU headquarters in New York, which contains more than 8,000 volumes on the history and culture of the English-speaking nations and is open to the general public for research purposes.
CONTROVERSIAL EXCERPTS FROM MY RESEARCH ON THE U.S.-BRITISH "SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP"
Aside from the two books previously mentioned, I am not aware of any expose of either the Pilgrim Society or the British-Speaking Union. On January 28, 1994, I was informed by a thirty-second degree Mason that the Grand Lodge of Texas is under orders of the Grand Lodge in Washington, D.C. which is under the Grand Lodge of England.
The Larouche position on "the English" was stated recently: "The most important constant in the history of the United States of America has been the implacable hostility of the British Empire and the London-centered British oligarchy. This hostility generated the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and the Civil War, in addition to many lesser clashes. But after Gettysburg and Vicksburg in 1863, the reality of US military and naval superiority forced London to come to terms with the inevitable persistence of the United States on the world scene as a great power for another century and more. By 1895-1898, galloping British decadence, expressed as industrial decline combined with a looming inability to maintain global naval domination, suggested to the circles of the soon-to-be King Edward VII the advisability of harnessing the power and resources of the United States to the British imperial chariot. Thus was born the London-Washington Special Relationship, under which the United States was established as London's auxiliary, proxy, and dupe through such stages as the 1898 Anglo-American rapprochement before Manila Bay, Edward VII's sponsorship of Theodore Roosevelt's aspirations to "Anglo-Saxon" respectability and, most decisively, Woodrow Wilson's declaration of war on Germany in April, 1917. Under the Special Relationship, London has parlayed its financial and epistemological dominance over the United States into profound and often decisive influence over US directions in foreign policy and finance."
In the past I have personally attended a number of Larouche meetings in Austin. I would not describe myself as a follower-particularly since at the last meeting the overt "Communist" philosophy of the lecturer became apparent; he stopped speaking in the middle of a prepared speech. However, the anti-British rhetoric of the Larouchites does, in my opinion, have a firm basis in historical fact.
George Washington, to his credit, accomplished much for this country and his "Farewell Message" is no more timely today. However, it has also been asserted that: "The confession of General Cornwallis to General Washington at Yorktown has been well hidden by historians. History books and text books have taught for years that when Cornwallis surrendered his army to General Washington that American independence came, and we lived happily ever after until the tribulations of the twentieth century."
The King James Masonic Bible lists George Washington as a Mason. He was initiated into Masonry in 1752.(5) He took his first degrees in the lodge of Fredericksburg, Virginia on November 4, 1752. He was then passed on March 3, 1753 and raised in August 4, 1753 to Master Mason. George Washington visited a British military Lodge under a flag of truce and received a degree in it (probably the Mark degreee).(6) On April 28, 1788, George Washington became Worshipful Master of Alexandria Lodge No. 22 and was re-elected on December 20, 1788. He was the only Brother to be president of the U.S. and Worshipful Master of his Lodge at the same time.(7) Old Juba, Washington's trusted slave, used to row a priest across the Potomac to visit him and "Marse George made the sign of the Cross befo' he eat." The tale of the skeleton in the family closet was the conversion of George to "Papistry." Bishop Carroll made the statement that Washington died as did Emperor Valentinia who was received into the Church before his death.(8)
When George Washington badly needed financial help to pay his soldiers, the international bankers loaned him funds contingent upon appointing Alexander Hamilton as the first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton was all English at heart. He was an expert in British banking methods and was trained in the inner sanctum of international banking.(9) A retired Harvard professor once told students in his Oklahoma high school class that Hamilton and Washington agreed to a central bank if the war was ended.(10)
I have a Congressional Research Report that says as a fact that the first U.S. Bank was mostly foreign owned. On Yom Kippur Eve, 1779, Washington's soldiers, unpaid for months, were at a point of mutiny before a battle: "At last a desperate Washington sent a messenger on horseback through the night to Philadelphia with instructions to obtain, from Haym Salomon, a loan of $400,000, an enormous sum in those days, to pay and provision his troops. The messenger found Salomon in the synagogue, and a hasty whispered conference took place. Salomon rose and quickly moved about the synagogue, collecting certain friends. A small group left together, and that night the money was raised. Did Haym Salomon himself contribute $240,000 of the money? So the legend, perpetuated in many accounts, insists."(11)
Jonathan Williams (1750-1815), a dedicated American patriot, wrote in his now rare book, Legions of Satan (1781), that Cornwallis revealed to Washington that "a holy war will now begin on America, and when it is ended America will be supposedly the citadel of freedom, but her millions will unknowingly be loyal subjects to the Crown." Lord Lothian, the British Ambassador to Washington, once called George Washington the founder of the modern British Empire.(12) This is the very same Lord Lothian honored by the 1939 Pilgrims banquet!
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON A FEW ENGLISH-UNION MEMBERS
Disraeli once said: "Read no history, only biography, for that is life without theory."(13) The real truth about the Pilgrims and the English-Speaking Union can only be known from studying the biographies of its membership. What follows is some information I have collected on a few of those listed in 1940:
Nicholas Murray Butler (2 Apr 1862-7 Dec 1947)--Studied both in Berlin and Paris. His doctoral thesis was "The History of Logical Doctrine." Married Susanna Edwards Schuyler (7 Feb 1877) (daughter of Jacob Rutzan Schuyler). Daughter: Sarah Schuyler Butler. In 1902 Butler became President of Columbia University with the help of J.P. Morgan.(14) President, Columbia University (1902-1945). Carroll Quigley wrote that Columbia University was, of all universities, the closest to J.P. Morgan and Company. Butler was Morgan's chief spokesman from ivied halls.(15) Head of American branch of Association for International Conciliation (1906) (parent was located in Paris). Trustee, The Carnegie Foundation for Advancement of Teaching (3-10-1906). In 1910 the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace was formed.(16) The initial direction of the fund was given by Carnegie to Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler. Butler got excited about the peril of the Allies in World War I and decided that the best way to establish peace was to help get the United States into the War.(17) Republican VP candidate (1912). IIE was established in 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, by Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University, Elihu Root, former Secretary of State, and Stephen Duggan, Sr., Professor of Political Science at the College of the City of New York and IIE's first President. During World War II Pan European Count Coudenhove (who received Warburg financing) propagated his idea in the U.S. with the help of leading citizens Nicholas Murray Butler, Dr. Stephen Duggan and William C. Bullitt.(18) President, CEIP (1925-1945). Director, New York Life Ins. Co. (1929-1939). Nobel Prize in Peace (1931) with Jane Addams (for Kellogg-Briand Pact). Butler is said to have stated at the Lord Cecil luncheon November 19, 1937 (at the Hotel Astor): "Communism is the tool by which Britain's international finance is knocking down national governments in the interest of world government, world police and world currency."
Frank J. Goodnow-American League to Aid and Cooperate with Russia, 1918-1919. English- Speaking Union, 1919-1924.
Otto Kahn-- Born Feb. 21, 1867. Mannheim, Germany. Emigrated to U.S. (8-1893). Married Addie Wolff (1896) (daughter of Abraham Wolff). Children: Maude Kahn, Margaret Dorothy Kahn, Gilbert Wolff Kahn and Roger Wolff Kahn. Partner, Kuhn, Loeb & Co. NY (1897-1934); main stockholder (from 1908). Chairman (1911-1918) and President (1918-1931) Metropolitan Opera Company, NYC. Helped foment the 1917 Russian Revolution in 1916. Trustee, Carnegie Inst. Tech. Director, Italy American Society. VP, English-Speaking Union. Otto Kahn was a multi-millionaire who was a German patriot and a patriotic American. He joined the patriotic party when he wanted to enter the House of Commons. His attempt to become President of the English- Speaking Union was defeated by the timely exposure of his Bolshevik activities. His house was a meeting place for Soviet agents such as Nina Smorodin, Claire Sheridan, Louise Bryant and Margaret Harrison.(19) Member of Various Orders: Knight Order of Charles II, Spain; Grand Officer, Order of the Crown, Italy; order of the Rising Sun, Japan. Died on March 29, 1934 at age of 67.
Thomas Lamont (1870-1948). At Paris the Royal Institute for International Affairs was created after WWI. In the U.S. the parallel institute was called the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). It is known as the "Eastern Establishment" and "has played a very significant role in the history of the United States..." The rather loosely organized group in the U.S. included George Louis Beer, Walter Lippman, Frank Aydetlotte, Whitney Shepardson, Thomas W. Lamont, Jerome D. Green, Erwin D. Canham (Christian Science Monitor) and others. Quigley called the Lamont family the chief link "between Wall Street and the Left, especially the Communists." Thomas Lamont later secured a $100 million loan in 1926 for Mussolini.
Names associated with Provident Loan Society: John Sloane (1883-1971)(S&B 1905), Mortimer Norton Buckner (S&B 1895), Jackson E. Reynolds (1873-1958), George Fisher Baker, Jr. (1878-1937), Frederick Hudson Ecker (1867-1964), Jeremiah Milbank, Richard Cunningham Patterson, Jr.(1886-1966), Percy A. Rockefeller (1878-1934) (S&B 1900), Jacob H. Rubin, Mortimer L. Schiff (1877-1931) and James Joseph Speyer (1861-1941).
David Olyphant, Executive Director, The English-Speaking Union of the United States, 16 East 69th Street, New York, NY 10021. The national office and the New York branch of the English Speaking Union share these premises. The English-Speaking Union was founded to promote union through the medium of the English language and educational and scholarship programs. Several of the 84 branches nationwide are in the New York consular district.
Frank L. Polk--Wall Street Lawyer. Listed in NY Social Register. Century Association. VP, CFR. Director, CFR (1921-1943). Director, Bowery Savings Bank and Mutual Life Ins. Co. (s.10-29-1939). Director, Northern Pacific Railway Co. (1938). Interlocked with Chase National Bank (10-29-1930 to 5-24-1933). Director, U.S. Trust Co. (1939). Contributed over $140,000 at death to CFR.
John Hay "Jock" Whitney (1904-1982) (CFR)--CEO of Freeport Sulpher Co. Son of Payne Whitney (1876-1927) (S&B 1898). Father married daughter of John Hay and Clara Stone--Helen Hay (2-6-1902). Grandson of William Collins Whitney. Yale graduate. Brother of Joan Payson.(20) Partner in Selznick International Pictures (1935) with David O. Seznick (1902-1965) His first independent film production company was Selznick International Pictures. Movies produced under the SIP aegis include A Star is Born (1937), The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), Nothing Sacred (1937), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1938), and Gone with the Wind (1939). Selznick was responsible for bringing the Swedish actress, Ingrid Bergman, and the British director, Alfred Hitchcock, to Hollywood. Hitchcock directed such movies as Rebecca (1940), Spellbound (1945), and Notorious (1946) while under contract to Selznick. Ambassador to Great Britain (1957-61). There is a Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library at Yale University. In June 1990, a gift from Mrs. John Hay Whitney (daughter of Harvey Cushing), made possible the completion of a major renovation and expansion project. The Library was renamed the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, honoring Cushing and John Hay Whitney (editor of the Herald Tribune, and patron of the arts). Whitney acquired control of the New York Herald Tribune in 1958 and served as its publisher from 1961 to 1967. Mary Elizabeth Altemus Whitney: debutante Betsy Cushing Roosevelt Whitney: debutante. Heir to one of America's greatest fortunes. John Hay "Jock" Whitney distinguished himself in a whole slew of careers, not the least of which was carrying on his family's tradition of public service. In addition to being an international polo star and a Broadway and Hollywood financier, Whitney served as an intelligence officer during World War II. Spent eighteen days as POW in WW II. Shocked when other prisoners could not give a moral or ideological reason for fighting.(21) He established the John Hay Whitney Foundation in 1946 as an umbrella for his service endeavors, and also became a leading thoroughbred horse breeder and collector of art. Became a force in Republican politics in the post-war years. Elected to Yale Corporation in 1955.(22) Gave $30 million to Yale over next 25 years.(23) Served as ambassador to Great Britain from 1957 to 1961 after donating $47,000 to Ike.(24) Chairman of English-Speaking Union (1961). While Ambassador to Britain, Whitney set up a press service in London called Forum World Features, which published propaganda furnished directly by the CIA and the British intelligence services. In 1967 an expose in the NY Times revealed that the John hay Whitney Trust for Charitable Purposes had been used a conduit for CIA funds.(25) Prominent member of what Ike called "the military-industrial complex."(26) Estimated personal worth: $200-$300 million. Total benefactions: $50 million.(27) Inherited $20 million trust from his Father and was left $20+ million in his mother's will.(28) Captain Vincent Astor was his Brother-in-law.
OTHER INDIVIDUALS WITH ENGLISH-UNION CONNECTIONS:
John Huston Finley (Oct. 19, 1863-Mar. 7, 1940)-Editor; educator; philanthropist (29) In 1935 he went to Scotland, representing the six American Carnegie trusts at the Andrew Carnegie centenary observances. He received various honors in America, including a bronze bust from City College, New York, on his seventieth birthday; and he has been the recipient of innumerable decorations from foreign countries, including the Legion d'Honneur of France and Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland.(30) He was a director of the English Speaking Union since 1923, and of the Russell Sage Foundations of Knox and Berea Colleges.(31)
Joseph Godson, in an active retirement, was also organizing European initiatives for the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the proselytising think-tank which funded the author of the SDP/Liberals joint policy statement in 987. He combined that with running US government-funded educational visits for British trade unionists and editing 35 Years of NATO (Dodd, Mead, 1984) a transatlantic symposium on 'the changing political, economic and military setting', funded by Rupert Murdoch's Times and introduced by its then editor Charles Douglas- Home and NATO secretary general Peter Carrington. Godson's foremost British associate in this CSIS/NATO work was SDP founder member Alan Lee Williams, a former Labour MP and junior defence minister who was treasurer of the European Movement from 1972 and 1979. From his office as director of the English Speaking Union he had chaired Godson's Labour and Trade Union Press Service operation and, with the renewed rise of CND in the late 1970s, had become a central figure in the government-funded Peace Through NATO.
Edward F. Howrey (b. Sep. 6, 1903)--United States Government official; lawyer. As head of the Federal Trade Commission, Edward F. Howrey stressed the importance of the agency in preventing unfair methods of competition as well as punishing those committing deceptive business practices. Howrey was a member of the Metropolitan Club and Chevy Chase Club in Washington, D.C., the Academy of Political Science, the English Speaking Union, the American Bar Association, serving on its committee on the FTC, and the District of Columbia Bar Association.
[This essay was written following a brief biography on George Louis Beer. I realize some may find the above to be "shocking." Even more could be said...I am presently in the process of co-authoring an unauthorized biography of David Rockefeller. In the chapter on Tax Exempt Foundations, it will be conclusively shown that the Reece investigation was "killed" by British USA Roundtabler Rep. Wayne Hays (Demo-Ohio). For those who think Quigley was incorrect in saying there was an American Round Table, I just ask you to spend some time looking into the possibility before closing your mind...]
Mystery Man: George Louis Beer
The Belmont Brotherhood
1. Antony C. Sutton, America's Secret Establishment 39 (1986).
2. Antony C. Sutton, America's Secret Establishment 100 (1986).
3. Fritz Springmeier, The Top 13 Illuminati Bloodlines 9 (1995).
4. Wickliffe B. Vennard, Sr., The Federal Reserve Hoax 305 (1973).
5. Stephen Knight, The Brotherhood 33 (Dorset Press 1986).
6. H.L. Haywood, More About Masonry 45 (1948).
7. Bookmark, Solar Lodge No. 730, F. & A.M., Dayton Ohio, Arron T. George, W.M (1953).
8. Paul Blanshard, American Freedom and Catholic Power 236 (1950).
9. Raymond C. Baumgardner, Our World Without Money 44 (1st Ed. 1966).
10. J.R. Church, Guardians of the Grail 177 (1989).
11. Stephen Birmingham, The Grandees 152-153 (1971).
12. Lawrence Dennis, The Dynamics of War and Revolution 23 (1940).
13. Geoffrey Wigoder, Dictionary of Jewish Biography 8 (1991).
14. W. Cleon Skousen, The Naked Capitalist 36 (1970).
15. W. Cleon Skousen, The Naked Capitalist 69 (1970); Quigley, p. 980.
16. Dennis Laurence Cuddy and Robert Henry Goldsborough, The New World Order: Chronology and Commentary 2 (1992).
17. Rene A. Wormser, Foundations: Their Power and Influence 204 (1958).
18. William F. Jasper, Global Tyranny...Step By Step 237-238 (1992).
19. Rev. Denis Fahey, The Rulers of Russia 34 (3rd Ed. 1984).
20. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 156 (1981).
21. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
22. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
23. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
24. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 374 (1981).
25. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
26. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
27. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
28. Jacqueline Thompson, The Very Rich Book 269 (1981).
29. Current Biography (1940).
30. Current Biography (1940).
31. Current Biography (1940).